Jobs, Professions, unemployment
- 1 Importance of work
- 2 Your parents' jobs, what kind of future job are you interested in
- 3 Skills and education needed for a job
- 4 Your own business / firm × work for an organization or company
- 5 Full time × part time jobs – positives and negatives
- 6 Unemployment in the Czech Republic, what benefits does an unemployed person get, job centres
Importance of work[editovat]
Work is an economical activity satisfying needs of other people or creating goods and services. Work is important due to these reasons:
- It is crucial for human society
- It provides individuals with source of income
- People can gain here valuable experience usable in everyday life.
- It is a significant factor in self-realization.
- Opportunity to meet new people and to make friends
- It greatly influences your social status – some of the most respected professions are doctors, scientists, nurses, engineers, lawyers, CEOs, teachers, writers, accountants, managers and actors.
Your parents' jobs, what kind of future job are you interested in[editovat]
Skills and education needed for a job[editovat]
Skills can be divided into two main categories – hard skills (skills relating to a specific task or situation that are easily quantifiable) and soft skills (skills related to one's personality).
Hard skills are usually acquired through formal education and training programs. Hard skills used to be the only skills necessary for career employment and were generally quantifiable and measurable from educational background, work experience or through interview. Nowadays, increasing emphasis is put on soft skills.
Soft skills are a combination of people skills, social skills, communication skills, social intelligence and emotional intelligence. Soft skills are becoming a major differentiator for employability and success in life. A study conducted by Harvard University noted that 80% of achievements in career are determined by soft skills and only 20% by hard skills.
Education is one of the main factors employees consider when choosing from applicants for a job vacancy. Education may continue for the whole life, especially in highly qualified areas such as medicine, computer science or science. Change of profession during life generally requires retraining or further education. For various types of jobs, different levels of education might be required:
- University education is usually necessary for the most qualified jobs. Therefore, it is usually needed to choose a job before applying to one. University degree is usually required for employment in medicine, law, teaching, science and many other areas.
- High school education is usually sufficient for a range of moderately qualified profession including artisans, customer service representatives, office clerks, pharmacy technicians, patrol officers, insurance sales agents, medical secretaries and opticians.
- Primary education is sufficient only for the least qualified jobs. People with primary education can work as waste collectors, waiters, warehouseman, or cashiers.
Your own business / firm × work for an organization or company[editovat]
- Your own business
- You can decide all things for yourself, you are not told what to do.
- It can be more satisfying to work independently.
- You can make a lot of money provided that your business is successful.
- Your position is secure, you can't be fired.
- You can choose your co-workers.
- Running your business can be risky and time-consuming.
- You have to be always available in case of emergencies.
- You might have to deal with unpleasant customers (same for some of the jobs).
- Your working hours are highly unpredictable.
- You are responsible for all your employees and you have to make hard decisions affecting not only you, but also them.
- Success of your business depends on many factors, some of which are out of your control.
- Work for an organization or company
- You have much lower responsibility.
- You are payed regularly.
- Your working hours are predictable.
- You can be fired if the management isn't satisfied with your work performance.
- You can't usually choose your co-workers or your working hours.
Full time × part time jobs – positives and negatives[editovat]
- Full time jobs
- Higher salary
- You have less time for yourself.
- Part time jobs
- You have more time for yourself.
- Ideal for parents with children or students.
- Can be seen as a benefit and increase loyalty of employees.
- Lower salary
Unemployment in the Czech Republic, what benefits does an unemployed person get, job centres[editovat]
Unemployment is the situation of actively looking for employment but not being currently employed. The unemployment rate is a measure of the prevalence of unemployment and it is calculated as a percentage by dividing the number of unemployed individuals by all individuals currently in labor force. As of March 2018, the unemployment rate in the Czech Republic was the lowest in the EU at 2.2% (average unemployment rate in the EU is 7.1%). The low unemployment has been caused mainly by government incentives, which include tax breaks for new companies and cash for creating new jobs. These incentives led to foreign investments that were further stimulated by accession to the European Union in 2004. The investments led to creation of a big number of assembly plant jobs and the economical growth of other European countries further boosted the economy. However, the low unemployment rate is frowned upon by employers, since it limits expansion of companies. Economists warn that robots might soon replace a big number of less qualified workers causing rapid growth of unemployment rates.
Unemployment benefits are payments made by the state or other authorized obdies to unemployed people. Depending on the jurisdiction and the status of the person, those sums may be small, covering only basic needs, or may compensate the lost proportionally to the previous earned salary. In Czech Repbulic, unemployment benefits are provided by the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs of the Czech Republic. These benefits are paid to people who seek work, have contributed to social system and have been employed for a sufficient amount of time. Maximum unemployment benefit in Czech Republic is currently set to 16.682 Czech crowns (or 18.695 Czech crowns if an unemployed person participates in retraining course).
Job centres are trying to connect unemployed people to employees with potential interest of hiring them. They also organize retraining courses allowing people to find a job in other, more perspective area. Job centres can also provide advise regarding finances of unemployed people